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United States House of Representatives elections, 1996

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Newt Gingrich

Newt Gingrich

The U.S. House election, 1996 was an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 5, 1996, which coincided with the re-election of Bill Clinton as President of the United States. Clinton’s Democratic Party won by almost 60,000 votes (0.07%) and gained a net of two seats from the Republican Party, but the Republicans retained an overall majority of seats in the House for the first time since 1928. The election is similar to the 1952 House election, although this result remains one of the closest in U.S. history.

40 incumbents retired: 29 Democrats and 21 Republicans, giving the Republicans a net gain of 6 seats from the Democrats.

21 seats switched parties in the November elections marinade to tenderise steak, giving the Democrats a net gain of 15 seats from the Republicans.

Key to party abbreviations: AI=American Independent, C=Constitution, D=Democratic, G=Green, I=Independent, IP=Independence Party, L=Libertarian, NL=Natural Law water bottle sports, R=Republican running fanny pack water bottle, Ref=Reform, T=U.S. Taxpayers Party.

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Spyridon Louis

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Spiridon “Spyros” Louis (Greek: Σπυρίδων “Σπύρος” Λούης, sometimes transliterated Loues; 12 January 1873 – 26 March 1940) was a Greek water-carrier who won the first modern-day Olympic marathon at the 1896 Summer Olympics, thereby becoming a national hero marinade to tenderise beef.

Louis was born in the town of Marousi, which is now a suburb to the north of Athens, into a poor family. Louis’s father sold mineral water in Athens, at the time lacking a central water supply, and his son helped him by transporting it.

After the decision to revive the Olympic Games in 1894, preparations were made to organise the first modern Olympics in Athens. One of the races would be the marathon, an event which had never been held before. It had been suggested by Frenchman Michel Bréal, who was inspired by the legend of the messenger Phidippides, who had run from the town of Marathon to Athens to announce the Athenian victory in the Battle of Marathon.

The Greeks were very enthusiastic about this new event and decided to stage qualifying races for would-be Greek participants. These were organised by an army colonel, Papadiamantopoulos, who had been Louis’ commanding officer during his military service (1893–1895). The first qualifying race—the first ever marathon race—was held on 22 March, and was won by Charilaos Vasilakos in 3 hours, 18 minutes. Louis participated in the second qualifying race, two weeks later. Papadiamantopoulos, who knew Louis’ running talents, had convinced him to try out. Louis crossed the line in fifth place, behind winner Dimitrios Deligiannis.

The Olympic marathon was run on 10 April (or 29 March by the Julian Calendar then in use in Greece). The Greek public had been very enthusiastic about the Games, but was disappointed in the fact that no track and field event had yet been won by a Greek competitor. The victory in the discus throw, a classical Greek event, by the American Robert Garrett had been particularly painful. Because of its close connection with Greek history, the public desperately yearned for the marathon to be won by one of their countrymen.

In Marathon, Colonel Papadiamantopoulos gave the starting signal for the small field, consisting of thirteen athletes from Greece and four from other nations. The early leader of the race, which led over dusty dirt roads along which throngs of Greeks had gathered to watch, was the Frenchman Albin Lermusiaux, who had earlier placed third in the 1500 metres. In the town of Pikermi, Louis made a stop at a local inn to drink a glass of wine. (Louis’ grandson, also Spiridon Louis, said that this is incorrect; that his grandfather’s girlfriend gave him half an orange and shortly afterwards he “got a glass of cognac from his future father in law.”) After asking for the advantage of the other runners, he confidently declared he would overtake them all before the end.

After 32 km, Lermusiaux was exhausted and abandoned the race. The lead was taken over by Edwin Flack, an Australian who won the 800 and 1500 m races. Louis slowly closed in on Flack. The Australian, not used to running long distances, collapsed a few kilometers onwards, giving Louis the lead.

In the stadium, the atmosphere was tense, especially after a cyclist brought the news that the Australian was in the lead. But another messenger was sent out by the police as soon as Louis moved into the lead, and as the word spread that it was a Greek that led the race, the cry “Hellene, Hellene!” was taken up by thousands of rapturous spectators. When Louis finally arrived in a stadium erupting with joy, two Greek princes – Crown Prince Constantine and Prince George – rushed to meet him and accompanied him on his final lap for a finishing time of 2:58:50. Louis’s victory set off wild celebrations, as described in the official report of the Games:

Here the Olympic Victor was received with full honour; the King rose from his seat and congratulated him most warmly on his success. Some of the King’s aides-de-camp, and several members of the Committee went so far as to kiss and embrace the victor, who finally was carried in triumph to the retiring room under the vaulted entrance. The scene witnessed then inside the Stadion cannot be easily described, and even foreigners were carried away by the general enthusiasm.

Reportedly, the king offered Louis any gift he would care to ask of him, and all Louis could think of was a donkey-drawn carriage to help him in his water-carrying business.

Adding to the celebrations, two more Greek runners entered the stadium to finish in second and third place. Third place finisher Spiridon Belokas was later found to have covered part of the course by carriage and was disqualified; his place was taken by the Hungarian Gyula Kellner.

After his victory, Louis received gifts from many countrymen, ranging from jewelry to a lifelong free shave at the barber shop. It is unknown if Louis took all these gifts, although he did take back home the carriage he had asked of the king. He retreated to his hometown, never again competing in running cheap socks free shipping. He lived a quiet life, working as a farmer, and later as a local police officer.

Forty years after his marathon gold, four years before his death, Louis recalled the moments after his victory: “That hour was something unimaginable and it still appears to me in my memory like a dream … Twigs and flowers were raining down on me. Everybody was calling out my name and throwing their hats in the air …”

In 1926, Louis was arrested on charges of falsifying military documents and was imprisoned. After spending more than a year in jail, he was found not guilty how to use a meat tenderizer, and was acquitted. The affair predictably caused a press uproar.

His last public appearance came in 1936, when he was invited to be a guest of honour by the organizers of the 1936 Summer Olympics, held in Berlin. After bearing the standard of the Greek team during the opening ceremonies, he was received by Adolf Hitler and offered him an olive branch from Olympia, the birthplace of the Olympic Games, as a symbol of peace.

Several months before the Italian invasion of Greece, Louis died. Many sports clubs in Greece and abroad still carry his name, as does the main stadium at the Athens Olympic Sports Complex, where the 2004 Summer Olympics were held, as well as the road passing outside (Spyros Louis Avenue).

The Jayne Mansfield movie It Happened in Athens is a heavily-fictionalized take on Louis and the marathon. The expression in Greek: “yinomai Louis” (γίνομαι Λούης), translated as “to becοme Louis,” means “tο disappear by running fast.”

In 2012, a new pair of Vibram FiveFingers called the Spyridon LS was launched in honor of Louis.

The silver cup given to Louis at the first modern Olympic Games staged in Athens in 1896, was sold for £541,250 ($860,000) in London on 18 April 2012, breaking the auction record for Olympic memorabilia. Breal’s Silver Cup stands just six inches tall and was offered for sale at Christie’s by the grandson of the victor.

Christie’s called the auction “heated” and involved six bidders. The auctioneer later confirmed the buyer as the Stavros Niarchos Foundation, which plans to build a major cultural center in Athens, where the Olympic cup will go on display from 2015. Meanwhile, it is displayed at the Athens’ Acropolis Museum. The item was sold on the day Britain marked the 100 days’ countdown to the 2012 London Olympics.

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Linda Combs

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Dr. Linda Morrison Combs (born 1946) is a former U.S. federal government official. She was the Controller of the Office of Management and Budget in the Executive Office of the President at the White House. She had five Presidential Appointments confirmed by the United States Senate and served under three Presidents: Presidents Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, and George W. Bush.

In 2014, North Carolina Gov. Pat McCrory appointed her State Controller on an interim basis. He subsequently nominated Combs to continue in the position. She was later confirmed by the North Carolina General Assembly and took the oath of office on May 27, 2016.

President George W. Bush nominated her on February 28, 2005 to be the Controller of OMB. The United States Senate unanimously confirmed Combs on June 24, 2005.

As Controller, Dr. Combs oversaw all of Federal financial management, was the head of the Office of Federal Financial Management, and chaired the U.S. Chief Financial Officers Council. She owned three initiatives of the President’s Management Agenda: improving financial performance, eliminating improper payments, and real property.

Also, Dr. Combs oversaw Government-wide financial management policies, and requirements. Specifically she focused on financial results in the largest 24 departments and agencies in the United States Federal Government. She oversaw about $2.47 trillion in spending each year.[citation needed]

Notably, during Dr. Combs’s tenure at OMB, the Federal CFO community:

1) For the first time in history and for the second straight year successfully accelerated financial reporting so that audited financial statements were published by ever major agency within 45 days of the close of the fiscal year (a pace that significantly betters private sector reporting and improves on past Government results when agencies took as long as 5 months to report);[citation needed]

2) Obtained clean audit opinions in 19 of the 24 largest agencies for two straight years, and decreased the number of material weaknesses by more than 15% despite tougher audit standards (a major accomplishment from achieving only one clean audit in 1990 and only six in 1996 for those same 24 agencies);[citation needed]

3) Eliminated approximately $9 billion in improper payments—a 17% decrease since 2004.[citation needed]

4) Developed and reported the first ever government-wide inventory of the Federal real property assets, reporting data on more than 1.2 million assets worldwide, and disposing of $3.5 billion in excess property since 2004.[citation needed]

A native of Granite Falls, North Carolina, Dr. Combs earned an Associate of the Arts degree at Gardner-Webb University, Bachelor of Science and Master’s degrees from Appalachian State University, and a Doctorate in Educational Administration from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. She is also a graduate of the Program for Senior Managers in Government at Harvard University, and holds an honorary Doctorate from Gardner-Webb University.

Dr. Combs was previously appointed by President George W. Bush and confirmed by the United States Senate to the position of Assistant Secretary for Budget and Programs and Chief Financial Officer at the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). As Assistant Secretary, Dr. Combs oversaw all budgetary and management functions of the Department, including budget development and budget execution. As Chief Financial Officer, she was responsible for oversight of the Department’s $57 billion appropriation, the Government Performance and Results Act, as well as general monitoring of programs.

Prior to her appointment at DOT, Dr. Combs held a Presidential Appointment, confirmed by the Senate, at the United States Environmental Protection Agency, where she served as Chief Financial Officer from 2001–2003.

During the previous Reagan and Bush Administrations, Dr. Combs served in various oversight roles and executive level management positions at the U.S. Department of Education, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and U.S. Department of the Treasury.

Prior to government service, and following a successful career of over ten years in instructional and administrative positions in the Winston-Salem/Forsyth County School System, she was elected in 1980 to the Board of Education in Winston-Salem/Forsyth County, North Carolina. In 1986 she was appointed as Education Advisor to the Governor of North Carolina, James G. Martin.

Dr. Combs has also spent a number of years in the private sector. In her role of Operations Officer and Manager of National Direct Student Loans for Wachovia Corporation, Dr industrial fabric shaver. Combs was responsible for the general management of National Direct Student Loan Operations, with an expense budget that affected several million dollars of annual revenue. For ten years, Dr. Combs and her husband founded and built their own highly successful private record label and music catalog company to achieve worldwide distribution of CDs, videos, and music books. She is also a published author on family caregiving, and was a national spokesperson for Warner Lambert Pharmaceutical Company.

Before returning to the federal government in 2001, Dr. Combs was a member of the Board of Visitors of the Babcock Graduate School of Management at Wake Forest University, Chair of the Board of Directors of the Appalachian State University Foundation, and a member of the Board of Trustees at Gardner-Webb University. She also served on several corporate boards.

After her mother’s medical verdict of increasing memory loss was pronounced, Linda Combs resigned her executive post in Washington, D how to tenderize meat with a mallet.C., and moved home to North Carolina.

Her familiarity with Alzheimer’s prompted Linda Combs to write her book, A Long Goodbye and Beyond, as a resource for other parental caregivers, like herself, who must assist a loved one to pass through the stages of unlovely deterioration.

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Google Buzz

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Google Buzz was a social networking, microblogging and messaging tool that was developed by Google and integrated into their web-based email program, Gmail. Users could share links, photos sock monkey socks wholesale, videos, status messages and comments organized in “conversations” and visible in the user’s inbox.

On October 14, 2011, Google announced that it would be discontinuing the service and that the existing content would be available in read-only mode. Buzz was discontinued on December 15, 2011 and superseded by Google+.

Buzz enabled users to choose to share publicly with the world or privately to a group of friends each time they posted. Picasa, Flickr, Google Latitude, Google Reader, Google Sidewiki, YouTube, Blogger, FriendFeed, and Twitter were integrated. The creation of Buzz was seen by industry analysts as an attempt by Google to compete with social networking websites like Facebook and microblogging services like Twitter. Buzz also included several interface and interaction elements from other Google products (e.g., Google Reader) such as the ability to “like” a post.

Google executive Sergey Brin said that by offering social communications, Buzz would help bridge the gap between work and leisure, but the service and its rollout were strongly criticized at the time for taking insufficient account of privacy concerns.

In May 2010, Google revealed APIs for Buzz, expanding it to being a platform as well as a service. This allowed third-party developers to write software that would be able to both read and post content to Buzz. Several partners demonstrated integration via the new APIs, including Seesmic and Socialwok.

When the service was accessed with a supported mobile device, Buzz tagged posts with the user’s current location. Users were only permitted to use the actual physical location reported by the device for their Buzz posts; unlike the Google Latitude location-sharing service, Buzz did not allow users to manually specify an arbitrary location.

The mobile version of Buzz integrated with Google Maps so users could see who was around them. Buzz posts made through Google Maps were public, and could be seen by anybody else who was using the software. In addition to text, mobile users’ posts were able to include an uploaded photo. Platforms supported were limited to devices running Android 1.6+, iOS, Windows Mobile, Openwave, and S60.

Google Buzz was announced on February 9, 2010, in a press conference at the company’s Mountain View headquarters and launched on the same day, at 11 a.m. PT for the first set of users. The feature, available from the Gmail inbox, was rolled out to Gmail accounts in the following weeks. A mobile version of the site optimized for Android phones and Apple’s iPhone was also launched, while a version for businesses and schools that use Google Apps was only planned. Within 56 hours of its release, 9 million posts were made on Google Buzz — approximately 160 travel glass water bottle,000 posts and comments per hour.

On October 14, 2011, Google announced that Google Buzz would be shut down together with the Buzz API “in a few weeks”, in order to focus on Google+ instead. Bradley Horowitz, Google’s Vice President, Product, explained the ramifications, “While people obviously won’t be able to create new posts after that, they will be able to view their existing content on their Google Profile, and download it using Google Takeout”. He also said, “We learned a lot from products like Buzz, and are putting that learning to work every day in our vision for products like Google+”.

It was discontinued on December 15, 2011 and all content users saved on the service were saved to the user’s Google Drive.[citation needed]

At launch, Google’s decision to opt-in its user base with weak privacy settings caused a breach of user information and garnered significant criticism. One feature in particular that was widely criticized as a severe privacy flaw was that by default Google Buzz publicly disclosed (on the user’s Google profile) a list of the names of Gmail contacts that the user has most frequently emailed or chatted with. Users who failed to disable this feature (or did not realize that they had to) could have sensitive information about themselves and their contacts revealed. This was later adjusted so that users had to explicitly add information that they want public.

Google Profiles existed before Buzz and could be set by the user to be public or not. After Buzz was released, the last name field was required to be non empty, and profiles set not to be indexed became indexed for a profile search.

A 2010 New York Times article characterized Google as being “known for releasing new products before they are fully ready and then improving them over time”. Google twice tried to address privacy concerns: first by making the option to disable public sharing of contact lists more prominent and later by changing one of Buzz’s features from “auto-follow” to “auto-suggest”. This allowed users complete control over whom they follow, and, therefore, who was revealed on their public list of contacts. These changes to the way that Google Buzz operates were, however, criticized as inadequate and the company was criticized for failing to take its users’ privacy concerns seriously guys in football socks.

Among other initial problems, users who had never created a Google profile had no way to make their list of contacts or other information private, which resulted in negative publicity from a case involving information about a woman’s current workplace and partner being shared with her abusive ex-husband.

Concerns were also raised that because the mobile version of Google Buzz by default published the user’s exact location when they posted a message to the service, users might unintentionally reveal sensitive locations.

On February 16, 2010, Eva Hibnick, a student at Harvard Law School, filed a class action lawsuit against Google, alleging that Buzz violated several federal laws meant to protect privacy. On the same day, the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission alleging that Google Buzz “violated user expectations, diminished user privacy, contradicted Google’s privacy policy, and may have violated federal wiretap laws”.

Also on February 16, 2010, the Electronic Frontier Foundation wrote “These problems arose because Google attempted to overcome its market disadvantage in competing with Twitter and Facebook by making a secondary use of your information. Google leveraged information gathered in a popular service (Gmail) with a new service (Buzz), and set a default to sharing your email contacts to maximize uptake of the service. In the process, the privacy of Google users was overlooked and ultimately compromised.”

On February 17, 2010, the Privacy Commissioner of Canada, Jennifer Stoddart, issued a statement on Buzz:

We have seen a storm of protest and outrage over alleged privacy violations and my office also has questions about how Google Buzz has met the requirements of privacy law in Canada…My office has a variety of resources available to help companies build privacy into their products and services. When companies consult with us at the development stage, they can avoid the problems we’ve seen in recent days.

On November 2, 2010, Google e‑mailed Gmail users to tell them about the outcome of the lawsuit. As part of its settlement, Google agreed to create an $8.5 million fund to award money to groups that promote privacy education on the web, of which the prosecuting lawyers are requesting 25% ($2,125,000) “plus reimbursement of costs and expenses”. The settlement was finally approved in June 2011.

On March 30, 2011, the Federal Trade Commission announced a settlement with Google regarding Buzz. In the announcement, the FTC agreed with the EPIC complaint that Google had violated its privacy policies by using information provided for Gmail for another purpose – social networking – without obtaining consumers’ permission in advance. The FTC also alleged that Google misrepresented that it was treating personal information from the European Union in accordance with the US-EU Safe Harbor privacy framework. The FTC stated that “The proposed settlement bars the company from future privacy misrepresentations, requires it to implement a comprehensive privacy program, and calls for regular, independent privacy audits for the next 20 years.” In response to the announcement that Google agreed to adopt a “Comprehensive Privacy Plan”, EPIC launched a campaign, called “Fix Google Privacy”, to encourage Internet users to offer their suggestions to improve safeguards for Google’s products and services. Subsequently, in United States v. Google Inc., the FTC alleged that Google had violated this settlement agreement by misrepresenting privacy assurances to users of Apple’s Safari Internet browser.

Both the general and technical press were critical of Buzz and the manner in which it was implemented. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation described Buzz’s arrival as having “ignited a hailstorm of criticism”. CBC indicated “One user blogged about how Buzz automatically added her abusive ex-boyfriend as a follower and exposed her communications with a current partner to him. Other bloggers commented that repressive governments in countries such as China or Iran could use Buzz to expose dissidents”.

PCWorld’s JR Raphael criticized Buzz for both its intrusive nature and privacy concerns, citing above all that it merely adds “more noise into an already buzzing area of my life”. Raphael provided users with a step by step tutorial on how to disable Buzz.

Ryan Paul of Ars Technica noted “there isn’t much in Buzz that is new or original” and “the end result is a service that shows promise but lacks the requisite killer feature or innovative twist that it will need in order to truly keep people engaged”.

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Miracle on Evergreen Terrace

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Miracle on Evergreen Terrace” is the tenth episode of The Simpsons‘ ninth season. It originally aired on the Fox network in the United States on December 21, 1997. Bart accidentally ruins Christmas for the Simpson family by burning down the tree and all their presents. It was written by Ron Hauge, directed by Bob Anderson, and guest starred Alex Trebek as himself. Hauge was inspired to write the episode after learning of an orphanage that had been ripped off. The episode was selected, among other Christmas-themed episodes of the series, on a 2005 Christmas special DVD boxed set. The authors of the book I Can’t Believe It’s a Bigger and Better Updated Unofficial Simpsons Guide criticized the episode as a rehash of older themes, but it was also described as one of The Simpsons’ more memorable episodes in a review of the 2005 DVD boxed set release.

Homer and Marge go Christmas shopping at the Try-N-Save, where frenzied shoppers are quickly snatching the holiday season’s most popular toys. Homer, posing as a store cashier, buys toys that customers were attempting to buy from him.

At bedtime on Christmas Eve, the family makes last-minute preparations at home, Marge tells everyone that no one can open presents until 7 AM and confiscates all of the alarm clocks. However, Bart drinks 12 glasses of water to wake up early and secretly unwraps his gifts, one of which is a remote-controlled fire truck. Bart plays with it until it sprays water on an overloaded electrical socket, causing a fire that engulfs and melts the plastic Christmas tree and all of the presents beneath it. Bart hides the evidence outside beneath the snow in the front yard.

When the family comes downstairs and discover the tree and presents gone, Bart makes up a story about how he caught a burglary in progress and the suspect making off with the tree and all of the family’s presents. The police investigate and Kent Brockman does a human interest story on what he believes is the Simpsons’ yuletide misfortune.

As a result of Brockman’s report, everyone in Springfield shows their community spirit by giving them a new Christmas tree and $15,000. With the donations, Homer buys a new car. Driving it home Homer gets impatient when he gets stuck behind the Plow King and decides to pass. He unknowingly drives the car onto a frozen lake. The ice cracks, causing the car to sink and blow up.

The next morning, Bart’s conscience gets to him, and finally he admits the truth best running water backpack, which prompts Homer and Lisa to choke him. Soon, Brockman and the news crew arrive to do a follow-up story. After the family go along with the lie, a cameraman, with help from Santa’s Little Helper, finds the burned remains of the Christmas tree. The family is forced to explain the truth, but it is too late for the viewers, who feel they have been scammed. The citizens shun and harass them until the family can pay back the $15,000.

After a failed attempt by Marge to win back the money as a contestant on Jeopardy, the Simpsons arrive home to find everyone in Springfield gathered on their lawn and Marge thinks they have forgiven them. However, while that is the case, they steal all of their belongings in order to cover the $15,000 debt. In the end, the family playfully fight over a tattered washcloth, the only thing they have left.

Writer Ron Hauge said he got the idea for the episode one day when he was heading to work. He was listening to the radio and heard of an orphanage getting ripped off, and they were getting back more than they gave. The spectators in the stands during Bart’s dreams are various animators. When Krusty says “15,000 Missoulians” it is a reference to Ron Hauge having lived in Missoula, Montana. When the Simpsons’ car says “I’ll Keell you” vinegar as a meat tenderizer, this is a reference to a Wiffleball bat in the writer’s office that said that.

The episode has several references to Christmas films. The title is a play on Miracle on 34th Street while the scene where everyone rallies around to support the Simpsons is reminiscent of the last scene of the classic holiday movie It’s a Wonderful Life. The film is further spoofed when Homer tells Lisa to stop playing the piano which parodies a similar scene involving George Bailey. A Charlie Brown Christmas is also parodied when the senior citizens are dancing at the Springfield Retirement Castle—their dancing is based on the way the Peanuts characters dance. Marge appears as a contestant on Jeopardy! with host Alex Trebek guest starring. One of the stuffed animals Chief Wiggum is carrying is Binky from Matt Groening’s comic strip Life in Hell.

In its original broadcast, “Miracle on Evergreen Terrace” finished 23rd in ratings for the week of December 15–21, 1997, with a Nielsen rating of 9.8, equivalent to approximately 9.6 million viewing households. It was the second highest-rated show on the Fox network that week, following King of the Hill.

The episode received mixed to positive reviews from critics. The authors of the book I Can’t Believe It’s a Bigger and Better Updated Unofficial Simpsons Guide said “A deliberately mawkish Christmas episode that is low on good jokes (although the Simpsons watching their own fire on TV is a good start) and a retread of any number of episodes where Bart does wrong, feels guilty and eventually has to fess up. The only real ray of sunshine is the closing moments when the neighbours get their revenge but the Simpsons find the family spirit after all.” In its review of a 2005 DVD boxed set of Christmas-themed episodes of The Simpsons, The Journal described “Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire”, “Miracle On Evergreen Terrace”, “Skinner’s Sense of Snow”, and “Dude, Where’s My Ranch?” among memorable episodes of the series. In his review of the same DVD, Digitally Obsessed critic Joel Cunningham wrote that “Miracle on Evergreen Terrace” is “a good one […] A nice combo of humor, satire, and heartwarming holiday fuzzies”. Andy Dougan wrote in Evening Times that the episode is “one of the darkest, blackest Christmas cartoons ever animated”.

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Canton de Dunkerque-Est

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Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) selon les recommandations des projets correspondants.

Le canton de Dunkerque-Est est un ancien canton français where can i buy football shirts, situé dans le département du Nord et la région Nord-Pas-de-Calais wholesale socks for resale.

La Loi du 28 pluviôse an VIII (), à scindé le Canton de Dunkerque tel qu’il avait été créé en 1790 en deux entités le Canton de Dunkerque-Est et le Canton de Dunkerque-Ouest.

Alors qu’en 1790 le Canton de Dunkerque était composé de 9 communes :

Le Canton de Dunkerque-Est est donc considérablement remodelé en 1800 et comprend 7 communes :

Un décret signé de Napoléon III en date du , crée la commune de Rosendaël qui intègre le Canton de Dunkerque-Est, qui passe à 8 communes :

En 1883, la commune de Bray-Dunes est créée par sa séparation avec Ghyvelde et Hondschoote et intègre elle aussi le Canton de Dunkerque-Est qui passe à 9 communes.

Le , Ernest Constans, Ministre de l’Intérieur, du gouvernement de Sadi Carnot

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, signe la loi distrayant une partie du territoire de Rosendaël pour l’ériger en commune distincte sous le nom de Malo-les-Bains qui incorpore le Canton de Dunkerque-Est qui comprend alors 10 communes :

En 1971 et 1972, les communes de Malo-les-Bains et Rosendaël fusionnent avec Dunkerque, le Canton repasse à 8 Communes.

Le décret n°82-128 du , crée le Canton de Coudekerque-Branche composé des Communes de Coudekerque, Coudekerque-Branche, et d’une partie de Malo-les-Bains et de Rosendaël le canton de Dunkerque-Est comprend désormais 6 communes :

Le canton de Dunkerque-Est se compose d’une fraction de la commune de Dunkerque et de cinq autres communes. Il compte 36 246 habitants (population municipale) au 1er janvier 2012.

À la suite du décret n°2014-167 du (Département du Nord), le canton de Dunkerque-Est est amputé des communes de Téteghem et Uxem mais voit l’arrivée de la commune de Les Moëres (Canton d’Hondschoote) et retrouve l’intégralité des anciennes communes de Malo-les-Bains et Rosendaël (Canton de Coudekerque-Branche) antique meat tenderizer, le canton de Dunkerque-Est comprend désormais 5 communes :

Comparaison des pyramides des âges du Canton de Dunkerque-Est et du département du Nord en 2006

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Jaqueline Jesus

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Jaqueline Gomes de Jesus (born March 7, 1978) is a Brazilian psychologist, writer, and activist. Jesus is the daughter of a computer operator and a mining science teacher. She has a sibling stainless steel drink bottles, a younger brother. Jesus lived most of her life in Ceilândia. A good student, she studied chemistry, for a year before switching majors. She holds an M.Sc. in Psychology from the University of Brasília, and a PhD in Social Psychology, Work and Organisations from the same institution. She worked at the University of Brasília from 2003-2008 as a diversity adviser and also coordinated a center for black students. She was one of the organizers of Brasilia’s Pride parade, and participated in the development of Brazil’s goals for the UN’s Millennium Dome. Jesus has proactively addressed discriminatory actions, refusing to accept passive prejudice. She began her human rights activism in 1997, with “Estructuración”, a Brasilia homosexual group, serving first as secretary and in 1999, became president. In that period belt for running, she worked alongside government and educational institutions, in fighting prejudice and valuing differences, speaking at the opening of the 5th National Conference on Human Rights. Jesus participated in various social movements. In 2000, with Luiz Mott, she cofounded the Academic Association of Gays, Lesbians and Sympathizers of Brazil, serving as general secretary. She was appointed to the editorial board of the Grupo Gay Negro de Bahia; and founded the NGO Acciones Ciudades en Orientación sexual.

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Fouad Ali El Himma

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Fouad Ali El Himma, né le à Marrakech, est un homme politique marocain, ami intime du roi Mohammed VI et son conseiller depuis décembre 2011. Il est décrit par la classe politique et la presse marocaine et internationale comme étant une personnalité extrêmement influente au sein du cabinet royal et au Maroc d’une manière plus globale.

Natif de la ville ocre Marrakech en 1962, il est appelé pendant son enfance à rejoindre le Collège royal de Rabat pour former la classe du prince héritier Sidi Mohammed, fils du roi Hassan II, et futur roi du Maroc sous le nom de Mohammed VI. Pendant son adolescence, il devient proche de son camarade de classe Sidi Mohammed, ils poursuivent ensemble leurs études secondaires au Collège royal et obtiennent leur baccalauréat marocain en juin 1981. Ils poursuivent ensuite leurs études supérieures à la Faculté des sciences juridiques, économiques et sociales de Rabat où ils obtiennent une licence en droit en 1985.

Fouad Ali El Himma obtient également de la même faculté une licence en droit comparé en 1986 ainsi que deux Certificats d’études supérieures (CES) en sciences politiques en 1988, et en sciences administratives en 1989. Il prépare entre temps un mémoire de licence sur les finances des Collectivités locales et effectue un stage de neuf ans au sein du ministère de l’Intérieur de 1986 à 1995, aux côtés de l’homme fort du roi Hassan II, Driss Basri, ministre de l’Intérieur du Maroc de 1979 à 1999.

Il revient en 1992 à sa région natale pour se présenter en tant qu’indépendant aux élections communales et devient président du conseil municipal de Benguerir, il se présente ensuite sans étiquette politique aux législatives de 1993 et devient député des Skhour Rehamna (province d’El Kelâa des Sraghna) à la chambre basse marocaine.

En octobre 1998, il est nommé chef du cabinet du prince héritier Sidi Mohammed par le roi Hassan II. Le , trois mois après son intronisation, le roi Mohammed VI limoge l’homme fort de son père à l’Intérieur, Driss Basri, le remplace par Ahmed El Midaoui et nomme son confident et copain de classe Fouad Ali El Himma au poste du secrétaire d’État à l’Intérieur au sein du gouvernement el-Youssoufi I glass table water bottle. Le , il est reconduit dans ses fonctions dans le gouvernement el-Youssoufi II, et devient ensuite ministre délégué à l’Intérieur dans les gouvernements Jettou I et II de 2002 à 2007.

Cette décennie passée au sommet du ministère de l’Intérieur lui a permis de maîtriser les rouages de l’appareil politique marocain (Makhzen) et renforcer son pouvoir au sein de cette institution régalienne.

Le , il démissionne de son poste de ministre délégué à l’Intérieur pour pouvoir se présenter aux législatives de 2007. Cette décision crée la polémique au sein de la classe politique marocaine et l’accuse de vouloir profiter de sa relation avec le roi et de son passage à l’Intérieur pour créer une nouvelle force politique. Le , il réussit son pari et devient député de sa région natale (circonscription des Skhour Rehamna).

Il est aussitôt rejoint par d’autres députés au sein du parlement marocain, et créent sous la houlette de Fouad Ali El Himma, le « Mouvement de tous les démocrates », qui devient le , le parti authenticité et modernité (PAM), par la fusion de cinq partis politiques : parti Al Ahd, parti de l’environnement et du développement, parti national-démocrate, Alliance des libertés et parti initiative citoyenne pour le développement.

Fouad Ali El Himma occupe le poste du secrétaire général adjoint, membre de la commission des relations publiques, tandis que la présidence du parti est confiée à l’ancien ministre de la Santé dans les gouvernements Jettou I et II, Mohamed Cheikh Biadillah.

Le , il est élu conseiller lors des élections communales de 2009 à Benguerir avant d’être élu à l’unanimité président du conseil municipal.

Lors des événements du printemps arabe qu’a connu le Maroc, il est décrié par le mouvement du 20 février par les slogans « El Himma dégage » safe drinking water bottle. Le , il démissionne de deux comités internes au parti authenticité et modernité .

Six mois plus tard, son parti sort perdant aux élections législatives de novembre 2011 face à son rival islamiste guys in football socks, parti de la justice et du développement (PJD). Le , il est nommé conseiller au Cabinet royal par le roi Mohammed VI, sa nomination est différemment interprétée au sein la classe politique.


En 2010, l’Office National de l’Électricité conclu un engagement négocié avec le Cabinet Mena Media Consulting, entreprise détenue par El Himma d’une valeur de 7 500 000 dirhams hors taxes, sur une durée de dix mois, soit un forfait mensuel de 750 000 hors taxe en violation de la loi sur les marchés publics. Les procédures d’appel d’offre et de sélection sur critères transparents n’auraient pas été appliquées.

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Trypes (Greek: Τρύπες), which translates in English as “Holes” were a highly influential and acclaimed Greek rock band, originating from Thessaloniki, Greece. Their unique sound emerged mainly from the combination of vocalist Giannis Aggelakas’ distinctive singing style and lyrics and Giorgos Karras’ Post-punk and Alternative Rock instrumentation. They have produced landmark albums like Enia pliromena tragoudia (Nine paid songs) and Kefali gemato chrysafi (Head Full of Gold) which not only were commercially successful, but are also considered to be masterpieces of Greek Rock discography.

Trypes was created in 1983 when Giorgos Karras and Giannis Aggelakas wrote their first, post-punk influenced music and lyrics.

Michalis Kanatidis (guitar) and Kostas Floroskoufis (drums) accompanied them at their first appearance. In 1984 Babis Papadopoulos replaces Michalis at the guitar and in 1985 they record their first record, “Τρύπες” (Trypes – Holes), which included their first hit song “Ταξιδιάρα Ψυχή” (Taksidiara Psichi – Travelling Soul) for Ano-Kato Records. The album was followed by live appearances at the “Selini” club, the university campus and the surrounding areas of Thessaloniki. Kostas Floroskoufis was soon replaced by Giorgos Tolios; concerts were held in Athens in the Rodeo Club and at the open air amphitheater of Lykavittos, where they played the opening act for Dimitris Poulikakos.

Meanwhile, the band’s working relationship with Ano – Kato Records started to go sour. They decided to go independent and – on borrowed money[citation needed] – recorded their second disk “Πάρτυ στο 13ο όροφο” (Party sto dekato trito orofo – Party on the 13th Floor) which was eventually published with Virgin Records. The album was very successful; it figured in the top five list of best rock albums of all time in Greece in 2006[citation needed].

In 1990 comes their third album, “Τρύπες στον Παράδεισο” (Trypes ston paradiso – Holes in Paradise), and their first concert outside Greece in Belfort, France. Guitarist Asklipios Zambetas joins the band as the fifth member.

The fourth album was recorded in 1993 water in a glass bottle, titled “9 Πληρωμένα τραγούδια” (9 Pliromena tragoudia – “9 Paid Songs”, or “9 Filled Songs” depending on context). A live performance at Lykavittos gathers a record-setting 10.000 people[citation needed].

In 1994 a double live album was released, named “Κράτα το Σώου μαϊμού” (Krata to show maimou – Hold (keep up) the Show Monkey) with recordings from 4 concerts at Rodon club and 5 unplugged performances. Both this album’s and the film soundtrack (H epohi ton dolofonon) sales went through the roof. Concerts during 1995 were often sold out all over Greece, at the Mylos club (Thessaloniki) fabric pill remover, Rodon club (Athens), and in England, where they performed in Manchester and at London’s Marquee Club.

The fifth studio album big goalkeeper gloves, “Κεφάλι γεμάτο χρυσάφι” (Kefali gemato chrysafi – Head Full of Gold) arrived in 1996 and was a commercial success. Trypes’ sixth and final studio album was titled “Μέσα στη νύχτα των άλλων” (Mesa sti nychta ton allon – Into the Night of Others) and was released in 1999. The band announced their break-up very soon after the album’s release. All of the members maintained solo career, with the most notable being the solo discography of vocalist Giannis Aggelakas, who continued the experimentation started in the later Trypes works.

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Église de l’Intercession-de-la-Vierge (Fili)

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Géolocalisation sur la carte : Moscou

L’église de l’Intercession-de-la-Vierge (en russe&nbsp underwater phone bag;: церковь Покрова в Филях) est une église située à Fili adult football jersey, dans la banlieue ouest de Moscou.

Construite entre 1689 et 1694 par le boyard Lev Narychkine, un oncle de Pierre le Grand, elle est un parfait exemple du baroque Narychkine. On pense que c’était une église votive qui commémore l’assassinat des deux frères de son fondateur lors de la Révolte de Moscou de 1682.

Le style dérive des églises en bois de l’Ukraine. L’édifice est surélevé sur une haute terrasse à laquelle mènent trois escaliers monumentaux burgundy football socks. Le plan est cruciforme avec extrémités arrondies. Plusieurs prismes octogonaux vont en s’amenuisant jusqu’au sommet. Les fenêtres sont surmontées de frontons en formes de crêtes de coq meat blade. Sa puissante harmonie évoque les tours étagées de Chine, d’Inde et de Chaldée. Louis Réau la cite parmi une dizaine d’autres exemples d’édifices « baroques moscovites » .

Elle se compose de deux petites églises superposées. L’église a une iconostase maniériste, certaines icônes probablement peintes par Karp Zolotariov et Kirill Oulanov. Les bolcheviks en ont pillé l’intérieur et défiguré l’extérieur dans les années 1930. Le bâtiment a ensuite été restauré et repeint en rouge (bien que la couleur d’origine fût bleue).

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