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Marcellus Hall

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Marcellus Hall is an American artist and musician best known for his illustration work in magazines including The New Yorker, Time and others.

Marcellus Hall was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from the Rhode Island School of Design where he also learned guitar and harmonica.

After graduation, Hall moved to New York City, New York and became a founding member of and main songwriter for the band Railroad Jerk. The group released four albums on Matador Records and was influential in the blues/punk/folk/grunge genre. The song “Rollerkoaster” from the album One Track Mind appeared on MTV’s Beavis and Butthead.

After the dissolution of Railroad Jerk, Hall went on to form the band White Hassle with Railroad Jerk drummer Dave Varenka. Using accompanying guitarists, a theremin player, and a DJ, White Hassle released albums on Matador Records, Fargo Records, Mazri Records, and Orange Recordings. The band toured Europe and America before disbanding in 2006.

Hall has since performed as a solo artist with his band, The Hostages (which includes mainstays Damon Smith and Mike Shapiro, as well as others including Michael DuClos, Alex Berman, Troy Fannin, Jimmy Ansourian, Joachim Kearns, and Matt Martin). Hall released a debut album, First Line, on Modest Mouse singer Isaac Brock’s label Glacial Pace in 2011. The album is accompanied by a 44-page illustrated book.

On May 8, 2013, Hall’s Kickstarter campaign to fund his next album with his band The Hostages was successful. The self-produced album, Afterglow, was released on December 10, 2013.

As a freelance illustrator, Hall has worked for publications including The Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic, Time, The Christian Science Monitor, New York Magazine, The New York Times, Fortune, and The New Yorker. His first cover for The New Yorker was published in 2005. His second in 2008. His third in 2013. And his fourth in 2016.

Hall’s work has also appeared in The Society of Illustrators, American Illustration, and Communication Arts annuals.

In his first years in New York, Hall also created the weekly comic strip Bill Dogbreath for alternative weekly newspapers that included The Onion, The Seattle Stranger, New York Perspectives, and Baltimore City Paper.

In addition to illustrating the books White Pigeons and 57 Octaves for , Hall has self-published books of drawings and writing including Hard Luck Stories and Legends of the Infinite City (a collection of black & white drawings of New York City).

A selection of Hall’s sketches was published in Le Sketch #05, 2008.

In 2008 Hall began illustrating children’s books. Among them are Because You Are My Baby (2008) by Sherry North, City I Love (2009) by Lee Bennett Hopkins, Because You Are My Daddy (2010) by Sherry North, The Cow Loves Cookies (2010) by Karma Wilson, Full Moon and Star (2011) by Lee Bennett Hopkins, Because I Am Your Teacher (2012) by Sherry North, What’s New? The Zoo! (2014) by Kathleen Krull, and Duddle Puck The Puddle Duck (2015) by Karma Wilson.

In May 2013, Everybody Sleeps, Hall’s first children’s book as both author and illustrator, was published by Nancy Paulsen Books, an imprint of Penguin.

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Populatiegenetica

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De populatiegenetica is een onderdeel van de biologie dat zich bezighoudt met de genetica van populaties. Zij heeft een aantal problemen in het typologisch denken in de biologie opgelost. Vooral de laatste tijd zijn de uitbreidingen en aanvullingen van de onderzoekingen van afzonderlijke individuen, die tot dan toe als eenheden van het evolutieproces en als representanten van hun soort hadden gegolden, belangrijker geworden met waarnemingen en ‘proeven’ en hun statistische verwerking. Het werd steeds belangrijker ook de gemeenschap van de soort nader te bestuderen.

Deze wetenschap van de populatiegenetica dringt diep door in de werkwijzen van genetische veranderingen en omvat resultaten van kwantitatief-statistische en experimentele aard op de genverhoudingen en de verschuivingen in de kenmerken binnen een populatie. Wat is een populatie? Een populatie (Johanssen, 1903) is de gemeenschap van kruisende individuen in een bepaald geografisch gebied. Ieder individu daarin beschikt over een deel van het totale allelenbezit, de genpool van de populatie.

Een wetmatigheid in deze genetica wordt beschreven door de wet van Hardy-Weinberg. Dit is een wetmatigheid uit de populatiegenetica. Het werd genoemd naar de Britse wiskundige Godfrey Harold Hardy en de Duitse natuurkundige Wilhelm Weinberg, die het principe in 1908 onafhankelijk van elkaar ontdekten. Aan de hand van deze wet kun je uitgaande van het fenotype, de frequentie van de genotypes berekenen, en omgekeerd. Deze onderscheidt twee modellen:

Gekende theoretische populatiegenetici zijn o.a. Godfrey Harold Hardy, Wilhelm Weinberg, Sewall Wright, J. B. S. Haldane en Ronald Fisher. Gekende populatiegenetici in het forensisch onderzoek en in de genetische genealogie zijn o.a. Peter de Knijff, Maarten Larmuseau en Jean-Jacques Cassiman.

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Anastasia Mayo

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Susana Plané Aguilar (Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona; 17 de abril de 1980) conocida artísticamente como Anastasia Mayo, es una actriz porno española.

Anastasia Mayo nació y siempre ha vivido en Barcelona. A los 15 años trabajaba como bailarina gogó.​ Estudió formación profesional de especialidad administrativa. Antes de trabajar en la industria del porno español, trabajó como dependienta en tiendas de ropa y de muebles.

Su siguiente trabajo fue como modelo de lencería.

En 2002, asistió al FICEB como espectadora y el director porno Max Cortés, al verla, se interesó por ella y le ofreció trabajo en la industria X, que Anastasia aceptó. Poco tiempo después comenzó a rodar escenas para pequeñas películas porno españolas como por ejemplo con el famoso actor porno Torbe, incluyendo también escenas de sexo anal, hasta alcanzar una mayor fama. Anastasia ha trabajado con algunos de los mayores actores porno tales como Nacho Vidal y Rocco Siffredi.

En 2004 recibió el premio Ninfa en el FICEB a la mejor actriz porno nueva,​ además del premio a la mejor actriz porno europea en el Festival Erótico de Bruselas.

Habiendo trabajado durante toda su carrera con su pecho natural de una talla 80, en el verano de 2005 se sometió a una operación de aumento de pecho pasando a una talla 90. A principios de 2006 se tiñó el pelo de castaño oscuro, habiendo sido rubia hasta entonces.

Ha aparecido en varias revistas, entre ellas Primera Línea.

Entre sus últimos proyectos podría destacarse Austine Powders, film que protagoniza y que se basa en una parodia pornográfica de la película también de comedia Austin Powers.

En 2004 escribó su autobiografía, titulada Los Placeres de Anastasia.​

En 2004 comenzó a trabajar como stripper en el programa de televisión Crónicas Marcianas del canal Telecinco en España, lo que la llevó a alcanzar una mayor fama. En 2005 participó en el programa de televisión Préstame tu vida emitido por TVE, en el que intercambiaba su vida durante una semana con la de una carnicera de un pequeño pueblo de Toledo, permitiendo a los espectadores conocer más a fondo su personalidad y su vida íntima y, acabando la experiencia del programa de manera controvertida, mostrando el lado tabú de la pornografía.

Gracias a su aparición en este programa alcanzó una mayor fama, apareciendo también en entrevistas de diferentes programas de televisión en España.

Tuvo una aparición en el programa 100 de La noria como stripper. Asimismo participó como invitada en el programa de Andreu Buenafuente.

Anastasia Mayo ha desarrollado su carrera en otros ámbitos, además de como actriz. En septiembre del 2006 saltó al sector de la telefonía móvil, cuando lanzó su primer juego para este tipo de teléfonos llamado Anastasia Mayo Sexy Vegas.

Anastasia Mayo mantuvo una relación sentimental con el también actor porno español Jorge Fernández. Ambos trabajaron activamente en la industria del porno durante su relación y acordaron que ninguno de los dos vería las películas del otro para evitar los celos.[cita requerida]

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Camille Sandorfy

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Camille Sandorfy (* 9. Dezember 1920 in Budapest; † 6. Juni 2006 in Paris) war ein ungarisch-kanadischer theoretischer Chemiker (Quantenchemie, Molekülspektroskopie).

Sandorfy studierte Chemie an der Universität Szeged, an der er 1946 promoviert wurde. 1949 promovierte er nochmals an der Sorbonne. 1954 wanderte er nach Kanada aus und war zunächst an der Universität Montreal Assistant Professor, ab 1956 Associate Professor und ab 1959 Professor.

Von ihm stammen Pionier-Untersuchungen in der Molekülorbitaltheorie zu polyatomaren Molekülen mit σ-Bindung (speziell gesättigte Kohlenwasserstoffe) und zu den Säure/Base-Eigenschaften von Aromaten in angeregten Zuständen.

Außerdem befasste er sich mit Molekülspektroskopie (Schwingungsspektren von Molekülen mit gebundenem Wasserstoff im IR, Beobachtung von Rydberg-Zuständen organischer Moleküle im fernen UV). Seine spektroskopischen Untersuchungen hatten auch biochemische Anwendungen (mögliche Rolle von Wasserstoffbindungen in der Anästhesie, Sehmechanismus über Modelle der Chromophore von Rhodopsin).

1990 erhielt er die Schrödinger Medal. Er ist Mitglied der International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science, erhielt den Order of Canada (1995) und er war Ritter des nationalen Ordens von Quebec. 1982 erhielt er den Prix Marie-Victorin von Quebec, 1980 die Herzberg-Medaille und 1993 die Heyrovsky-Goldmedaille der tschechischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Er war Ehrendoktor der Universitäten von Moncton und Szeged.

1967 wurde er Mitglied der Royal Society of Canada und 1993 der Ungarischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

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James Anthony Walsh

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James Anthony Walsh (Cambridge, 24 febbraio 1867 – Maryknoll, 14 aprile 1936) è stato un vescovo cattolico statunitense, cofondatore e primo superiore generale della Società per le Missioni Estere degli Stati Uniti d’America.

Allievo dei gesuiti a Boston, entrò nel seminario di Brighton nel 1886 e nel 1892 fu ordinato prete.

Si dedicò inizialmente al ministero parrocchiale a Roxbury ma poi, spinto dal desiderio di occuparsi delle missioni, si recò in Europa e nel 1902 visitò i seminari della Società Missionaria di San Giuseppe di Mill Hill e della Società per le Missioni Estere di Parigi.

Tornato negli Stati Uniti, incontrò Frederick Price, con il quale decise di aprire un seminario per la formazione del clero missionario: nel 1907 fondò la rivista missionaria The Field Afar e nel 1911, con l’approvazione dell’episcopato statunitense e della Congregazione di Propaganda Fide, fondò la Società per le Missioni Estere degli Stati Uniti d’America, con sede a Maryknoll, presso New York.

Walsh fu il primo superiore generale della congregazione e resse l’istituto fino alla morte. Nel 1912 contribuì a fondare il ramo femminile dell’istituto.

Nel 1933 papa Pio XI lo elesse vescovo di Siene e fu consacrato dal cardinale Pietro Fumasoni Biondi nella cappella del palazzo di Propaganda Fide a Roma.

È sepolto nella cripta della cappella del seminario di Maryknoll.

Oltre ai suoi articoli pubblicati su The Field Afar, ha lasciato numerosi scritti: Choral Sodality Handbook (1898-1955), A Modern Martyr (1907), Thoughts From Modern Martyrs (1908), Observations In The Orient (1919) e In The Homes Of Martyrs (1922).

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Tender (Until the Violence Stops)

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Tender (formerly Until the Violence Stops) is a London-based charitable organisation that works to prevent domestic violence. Founded in 2003, Tender delivers educational violence prevention programmes to secondary schools, Pupil Referral Units (PRUs) and youth centres throughout Greater London.

Tender promotes healthy relationships based on equality and respect by inviting all men, women and especially young people to actively prevent domestic abuse and sexual violence.

Tender aims to:

Tender was formerly known as Until the Violence Stops (UTVS), the UK arm of the V-Day campaign.

Tender’s main work is the TRUST Education Project. TRUST was developed out of the work of Tender’s founding director and education manager that was commissioned by the South Essex Rape and Incest Crisis Centre (SERICC) to design a peer education theatre project for the Thurrock RESPECT programme in 2000. RESPECT, created by Zero Tolerance Charitable Trust, has been running since, working to prevent violence in relationships by educating young people about the early warning signs of abuse.

Tender adapted and developed the RESPECT model to work in London schools. With the funding of The Body Shop Foundation, the TRUST Education Project was piloted in April 2004 in 5 secondary schools in the London boroughs: Lambeth, Lewisham, Hammersmith, Newham, and Westminster. The TRUST Education Project has been delivered to 27 boroughs in London since its conception.

CRG Research Limited are currently conducting an independent evaluation of the Trust Education Project.

The TRUST Education Project aims to enable young men and young women to develop healthy relationships based on respect, trust and equality and to be active citizens in creating communities that do not tolerate domestic abuse and sexual violence. The objective of the project is to change attitudes of tolerance to violence by using drama to explore issues around healthy and unhealthy relationships. Young people create a piece of theatre that represents their understanding and outlook while also educating and informing their audience, peers and local communities. In a 10-week workshop process, students explore issues around respect within relationships, good citizenship and positive communication skills.

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Церковь Сан-Джоббе

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Церковь Сан-Джоббе (итал. San Giobbe) — католическая церковь в Венеции, в районе Каннареджо; освящена в честь святого Иова. Здание находится на одноимённой отдельной площади у Моста трёх арок на левом берегу канала Каннареджо. Это одна из пяти вотивных церквей, построенных в Венеции после вспышки чумы. Церковь также является одним из первых примеров архитектуры Возрождения в городе.

В 1378 году на этом месте начал строиться приют с небольшим ораторием, посвящённым святому Иову. Строительство велось под началом Джованни Контарини на земле около его дома. Оно было закончено его дочерью Лючией при содействии ордена францисканцев. В середине XV века Бернардин Сиенский решил начать постройку храма. Его финансово поддержал Кристофоро Моро, под патронажем в 1450 году на месте оратория началось возведение нынешнего здания церкви в готическом стиле. Затем оно было приостановлено и было возобновлено лишь в 1470 году. Посвятив строительство церкви святому Бернардину, будущий дож хотел отблагодарить святого за то, что тот предсказал ему титул главы Венецианской республики. Уже будучи дожем, в 1471 году, за три месяца до своей смерти, Кристофоро пожертвовал на строительные работы 10 тысяч дукатов (он был похоронен в этой церкви). Сами работы были начаты под руководством Антонио Гамбелло, а в 1470-х было завершено при скульпторе и архитекторе Пьетро Ломбардо. Последний также занимался и внутренним убранством церкви, украсив сегодняшние арку алтаря и главный вход. В конце концов, в 1493 году церковь была освящена.

Церковь и монастырь были упразднены Наполеоном в 1810 году, двумя годами позже монастырь был разрушен.

Кампанила (колокольня) была воздвигнута между 1451 и 1464 годами. Она прошла реставрацию в 1903, 1905 и 1982 годах. Сейчас башня достигает высоты 46 метров и оборудована электромеханическими колоколами.

В церкви находятся могилы Рене де Войер де Полми д’Аргензона, французского посла в Венеции, выполненная скульпторами из Франции Клодом Перро и Томасом Бланше. Запрестольные образа являют собой работы Антонио Виварини, Пьетро Ломбардо, Луки делла Роббиа, Марко Базаити, Париса Бордоне, а также «Поклонение пастухов» Джироламо Савольдо. Многие произведения Джованни Беллини и Карпаччо, украшавшие церковь, были перевезены в Академию, после того как Наполеон закрыл монастырь Сан-Джоббе.

Вид на церковь Сан-Джоббе с Моста трёх арок

Монастырь

Монастырь

Монастырь

Статуя святого Иова

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Pont transbordeur de Marseille

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Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) ; pour plus d’indications, visitez le projet Marseille.

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Bouches-du-Rhône

Géolocalisation sur la carte : France

Le pont transbordeur (ou pont à transbordeur) de Marseille, inauguré en 1905 et détruit en 1944, est un ouvrage de franchissement du Vieux-Port de Marseille construit par l’architecte Ferdinand Arnodin.

En France, on accorde l’invention du pont à transbordeur à Ferdinand Arnodin. Ce système de pont a pour intérêt de ne pas perturber le trafic maritime. Il consiste à faire passer d’une rive à l’autre une nacelle suspendue à l’armature métallique du pont.

Le transbordeur de Marseille était du type « à contrepoids et articulations ». Il fut construit en dix-neuf mois pour relier les quais du Port et de Rive Neuve. Il fut inauguré le .

Le transbordeur est composé de deux pylônes de 86,60 mètres de haut et de 240 tonnes chacun. A 50 mètres au-dessus de la mer, le tablier de 239 mètres relie les deux pylônes. Une nacelle de 120 m² et de 20 tonnes fait la navette entre les rives en 1 minute 30.

En haut se trouvait un restaurant de poissons où bouillabaisse et langoustes étaient au menu.

Dans les années 1930, il ne servait plus que de décor, faute de moyens pour assurer son entretien.

Le , l’armée allemande fait sauter le pont pour obstruer le port lors de la bataille de Marseille, mais seul le pylône nord s’abat dans les eaux.

Le reste s’écroule le 1er septembre 1945, à la suite de la mise à feu de 400 kg d’explosifs.

Dans l’esprit des Marseillais de l’époque, le pont transbordeur était la Tour Eiffel de Marseille. D’autres le considéraient comme un gâchis, et on vit certains peintres omettre de représenter cet “amas de ferraille” sur une peinture illustrant le Vieux-Port.

Mais il subsiste dans la mémoire collective et sa renaissance est évoquée régulièrement. En l’an 2000, une reconstitution avec deux immenses grues posées à l’entrée du Vieux Port donne lieu à des festivités mémorables.

À partir de l’année 2008, l’architecte nantais Paul Poirier propose de moderniser le concept de pont à transbordeur. Il crée en 2010 avec les ingénieurs Xavier de Champs et Timothée Paulin la Nantaise des Ponts et Pylônes international (NPPi).

Michel Virlogeux, ingénieur concepteur de plus de cent ponts (pont de Normandie, Viaduc de Millau, Pont Chaban-Delmas, etc.), amende techniquement le projet de Paul Poirier en 2012 et le nouveau projet est présenté au Théâtre de la Criée sur le Vieux Port de Marseille le 7 mai 2013.

En novembre 2013, Jean-Claude Gaudin, sénateur-maire de Marseille, propose de reconstruire un nouveau pont à transbordeur sur le Vieux Port et une pré-étude est votée pour étudier le nouveau franchissement au Conseil Municipal du 9 décembre 2013.

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

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Samuel Oughton

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The Rev. Samuel Oughton (1803 – December 1881), Baptist missionary to Jamaica 1836-1866, and colleague of William Knibb, was an abolitionist who became an outspoken advocate of black labour rights in Jamaica during the gradual abolition of slavery in the late 1830s and thereafter. He was briefly imprisoned in Jamaica during 1840. Originally associated with James Sherman’s Independent Congregational Surrey Chapel, and from time to time invited back by Sherman, he was closely associated with the Baptists in Jamaica, who were largely organised along Congregational lines and among the predominantly African-Caribbean population, following their founding by George Lisle, a former slave from America.

Samuel Oughton’s work for the Baptist Missionary Society in Jamaica, soon became well known. Arriving in 1836 from the Surrey Chapel in London, his posting was initially to help Thomas Burchell, a relative by marriage. However, by 1839 he was invited by the largely African congregation in Kingston to be their pastor at the prominent East Queen Street chapel.

This was a key time in the emancipation of Jamaican slaves. After “legal abolition” began in Jamaica with the home government’s Emancipation Act of 1833, conditions were little better for many Africans in Jamaica for some decades; particularly under the dreaded “indentured apprenticeship” system of forced labour, which was taken to extremes by the Planters, some masters and their overseers compelling the use of treadmills.

The abuses of indentured apprenticeship were finally abolished on 1 August 1838, following a campaign led by Joseph Sturge, with support from the Baptists, the Anti-Slavery Society, and longstanding abolitionists such as William Allen. Even so, emancipation was no paradise; the planters frequently harassed tenants (see Free Villages, and sought to drive down wages when they could. Oughton once famously remarked to his flock in the parish of Hanover:

let the canes rot in the fields,
and the ships go home in ballast !

For a time (during 1840) he was imprisoned by the Jamaican authorities for his outspoken views against liberties being taken by magistrates against African women. Back in Britain, Joseph Sturge of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society passed on Oughton’s descriptions of the horrendous labour practices suffered by Africans in Jamaica, which Oughton continued to communicate whilst in prison. Joseph Sturge made representations to the Colonial Office on his behalf and Samuel Oughton was eventually discharged after a period released on bail. He records “simple but ardent expressions of delight and affection” from “our poor dear people”, who welcomed him back to East Queen Street chapel with renewed hope. In 1841 Oughton was able to write: “my affection for the people, and theirs for me, seems to grow stronger by the day”.

The Baptist returns at about this date show Samuel Oughton, assisted by George Rowse, to be responsible for three “sub stations”, two “day schools”, two “Sunday schools”, and, besides Rowse, two further teachers – Miss Simpson, and W.Spraggs.

In the 1844 elections Oughton was active in promoting African candidates, and most of his congregation were of African origin. He stayed at East Queen Street chapel as pastor for the next twenty years, although not without incident since he promoted a form of moral code that he applied to everyone, including the emancipated citizens whose status he had been invited to improve.

The legal status of one Baptist chapel was often slightly different from another since they had grown up in many ways. At one time George Lisle’s chapel was his personal responsibility, and he was imprisoned for an outstanding debt on its construction. The more appropriate scheme of ownership was through some form of trust deed. Whilst Oughton supported the congregation’s right to appoint trustees at one Chapel where this issue arose, the wish of his own congregation to do likewise at the East Queen Street Chapel became a cause of controversy since it had a different constitution. Oughton also faced a problem because all its trustees but one had died before dutifully appointing others, and so it became inquorate. Just as he had exposed wrongdoing by the magistrates, and been prepared to suffer imprisonment for a time, he would not be party to illegal ownership arrangements at his chapel whatever the price. A number of his congregation would have been happy with this however, and put pressure on the remaining trustee to exceed his legal authority. Oughton’s firm moral standards upset them; he again had to pay the price of unpopularity, just as when he had upset sections of the white population earlier.

In the 1860s Oughton departed from religion and education slightly, though in his inimitable moralistic way. He wrote two books in which he tried to promote a theory, originally popular with some French and English thinkers in “The Enlightenment” period, that a population must ‘want’ artificial things to create drive and hard work, and therefore increasing wealth. In such a seductively warm and fertile island as Jamaica, Oughton contended, this might not happen; people might content themselves after reaching a certain standard of living.

The Baptist missions on Jamaica were closely involved in emancipation and reform. The mission was founded by the African George Lisle a former slave from America. Their churches on Jamaica promoted the slave Samuel Sharpe (1801–32) to Deacon at the Burchell Baptist Church in Montego Bay, and later the African Paul Bogle (1822–1865), believed to have been born free, to Deacon in Stony Gut, north of Morant Bay.

There was progress, too in encouraging political and social involvement of women. Positions of responsibility such as “assistant class leader”, “class leader”, and above, were open to all who had the necessary reading and writing skills; men and women. One of the Baptist’s cherished principles was of church self-government in which everyone was entitled to vote in elections and petitioning, which provided the first opportunity for many in the community to have their voice heard. This was one of the earliest routes through which the labouring poor began to have political influence. Progress was sometimes painfully slow, however, particularly for those who sought immediate self-government. At Samuel Oughton’s chapel, Eleanor Vickars, an African assistant class-leader whose father is believed to have been a deacon, successfully stood for election as class-leader but did not meet the literacy requirement necessary for confirmation of her appointment. Samuel Oughton had to decide between the Baptist’s cherished principles of self-government or upholding the literacy entry requirements arising from the hope that education would be “the great leveller”. In the event, he avoided setting a precedent and called for both beliefs to be upheld equally, a route that did successfully lead to self-determination by African congregations.

It has been noted that female literacy was strongly encouraged by the Baptist Missionary Society. In 1841 the Baptist Herald and Friend of Africa was able to report thirty-six female teachers and over 2,000 girls in day schools. Back in Britain a training school for female teachers was also established; at Kettering.

Samuel’s first wife was Hannah, a niece of Hester Burchell, who was the wife of Thomas Burchell. Samuel Oughton’s second wife, Sarah (1819–1882), was sister of the wealthy British doctor and baptist, Nathaniel Rogers MD. Samuel Oughton died in London in December 1881 and is buried along with Sarah, each with a memorial plaque, in the Rogers’ Family Mausoleum at Abney Park Cemetery in Stoke Newington.

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Hermann (Hohenzollern-Hechingen)

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Hermann Maria Friedrich Otto von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (* 30. Juli 1751 in Lockenhaus, Burgenland, Österreich; † 2. November 1810 in Hechingen) war ab 1798 siebter Reichsfürst und erster souveräner Fürst von Hohenzollern-Hechingen.

Hermann wohnte vor seinem Regierungsantritt in Hechingen im saarländischen Dagstuhl. Wohnsitz war das dortige Schloss Dagstuhl, das seit 1990 das weltweit bekannte Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (LZI) beherbergt. Er vermittelte die Ehe von Friedrich III. Johann Otto zu Salm-Kyrburg (1745–1794) und Johanna Franziska von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1765–1790). Bei deren Hochzeit 1781 in Straßburg lernten sich Erbprinz Anton Aloys von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1762–1831), der Bruder der Braut, und Amalie Zephyrine von Salm-Kyrburg (1760–1841) kennen und verlobten sich.

Fürst Hermann war mit den Verhältnissen des Landes vertraut, als er im April 1798 an die Regierung kam. Er war in Belgien aufgewachsen, wo sein Vater Franz Xaver von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1719–1765) als kaiserlicher Offizier stand. Von seiner Mutter, der Gräfin Anna Maria von Hoensbroech-Geulle (8. Mai 1729 – 26. September 1798), erbte Fürst Hermann deren niederländische Besitzungen, von seiner zweiten, früh verstorbenen Gemahlin, der niederländischen Prinzessin von Gavre, Marquise d’Aysseau, hatte er eine Million Franken geerbt.

Seine erste Gattin, die Gräfin Luise von Merode, Marquise von Westerlo, hatte er nach nur einjähriger Ehe durch den Tod verloren und war seit 1779 in dritter Ehe mit der Gräfin Maria Antonia von Waldburg-Zeil-Wurzach verheiratet.

Er versuchte, nach der Abtretung des linken Rheinufers an Frankreich, bei den Entschädigungsverhandlungen Berücksichtigung zu finden. Hermann erhielt schließlich vom Reichsdeputationsausschuss als Ersatz für die verlorenen belgischen Besitzungen seiner Mutter die Herrschaft Hirschlatt bei Tettnang und das Kloster Gnadenthal in Stetten. Er verwendete Geld für die Verschönerung von Hechingen und die Verbesserung der Landstraßen. Alle seine Aktivitäten nach außen dienten dem Ziel, die Geschicke seines Hauses zu verbessern.

Fürst Hermann war Reich-Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnant und preußischer Generalleutnant. So schwierig sich die äußere Situation des Fürstentums in der Zeit zwischen dem Rastatter Kongress und dem Reichsende darstellte, so entspannend war der Einstand des Fürsten im Innern. Gleich nach seinem Regierungsantritt nahm er die Friedensverhandlungen mit den Landgemeinden auf, schloss auf der Grundlage des Stadtvergleichs von 1795 am 26. Juni in Hechingen den Landesvergleich und entließ an diesem Tage, …..dem heutigen erfreulichen Huldigungsfeste aus eigener freier Bewegung sämtliche Untertanen der Leibeigenschaft, von welcher Gnade jedoch das Dorf Bisingen, weil es dem Vergleich nicht beigetreten, auch bei der Huldigung nicht erschienen, ausgeschlossen war (seither tragen die Bisinger den Spitznamen „Nichthuldiger“). Der Fürst beschränkte seine Jagd auf drei Tiergärten, außerhalb durfte es von Gemeindeschützen geschossen werden, die unbegrenzten Jagd- und Hagfronen wurden in „gemessene“ oder Geld verwandelt. Die Leibeigenschaft war als rechtliche Abhängigkeit aufgehoben, die daraus entspringenden Lasten blieben jedoch. Der Hauptfall wurde auf fünf Prozent des Nachlasses festgesetzt. Die Untertanen erhielten das Recht, in allgemeiner Wahl zwölf Deputierte zu bestimmen, denen das Recht zustand, die Steuern zu kontrollieren und Einspruchsvorschläge zu machen. Den Juden gab der Fürst, auf Rat seines Hoffaktors Jakob Kaulla (siehe auch Karoline Kaulla) „gegen angemessene Remuneration an die Hofkammer“ einen neuen Schutzbrief auf 40 Jahre. Dem Fürst gelang so die Beilegung des Untertanenkonfliktes binnen weniger Wochen.

Fürst Hermann war nicht generell ein Mann des Kompromisses, er war eine eher bizarre Persönlichkeit, seiner Natur nach argwöhnisch, kleinlich; er kümmerte sich äußerst pedantisch um alle Einzelheiten der Verwaltung. Er liebte, dem Zeitgeschmack entsprechend, die Zurückgezogenheit in der Natur, vorzugsweise im Jagdschlösschen Friedrichstal. Er war ein stets geschäftiger, vigilanter Patriarch, unter dem der kleinfürstliche Absolutismus einen letzten Höhepunkt erreichte. Die Rheinbundakte rettete die selbständige Existenz des Hechinger Fürsten, jedoch wurde ihm keinerlei Vergrößerung, weder an Besitz- noch an Souveränitätsrechten zuteil. Er empfand dies als krasse Zurücksetzung und Benachteiligung seiner, der älteren Linie des Hauses. Tief gebeugt durch die Demütigung Preußens und Österreichs starb am 2. November 1810 Fürst Hermann Friedrich Otto.

Fürst Hermann Friedrich Otto war dreimal verheiratet. Am 18. November 1773 heiratete er in Maastricht Luise (1747–1774), Tochter des Comte Jean Guillaume de Merode, Marquis de Westerloo (1722–1763). Mit ihr hatte er eine Tochter:

In zweiter Ehe heiratete er am 15. Februar 1775 in Brüssel Maximiliane (1753–1778), Tochter des François Joseph Rasse, 2. Prince de Gavre. Das Paar hatte einen Sohn:

Seine dritte Frau wurde am 26. Juli 1779 in Dagstuhl die Maria Antonia (1753–1814), Tochter des Grafen Franz Ernst von Waldburg zu Zeil und Wurzach. Das Paar hatte folgende Kinder:

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